Frequently Asked Questions
Let’s face it, your future and ability to work depends on your health. There is a reason people say ‘if you have your health, you have everything.’
In the maritime industry, this couldn’t be more true. Any seamen, from the captain to the deckhand, requires a high degree of manual labor, often under extreme and hazardous conditions. When accidents happen on the water, any injury—no matter how minor—requires proper medical treatment and care immediately.
Depending on the complexity of the injury, paying your medical bills can be a very scary thought. It’s important to know your legal rights in the event of a work injury on the water, so you can seek proper medical care, without concern for the bills. Medical treatment for a maritime injury should be paid for by the company.
We’ve compiled a list of every seamen’s basic maritime rights after experiencing an accident on the job. Know them, and share with your crewmates as well.
Ever wondered why it seems every maritime company rushes their injured workers off to a ‘special’ doctor that they send everyone to (aka the ‘company doctor’)? Well, there are a number of reasons why an employer would insist you receive treatment from their selected doctor—but understand none of these reasons are in the best interest of your health and future well-being.
A company selected doctor:
It’s important to understand that once ANY doctor declares you do not require further medical treatment, the company will stop approving medical treatment and the associated expense. Even if it’s just the opinion of a ‘company doctor’, it will serve as an excuse for your company to deny you treatment from other doctors, regardless of your true injury state.
The short answer is no, never. Medical treatment for a maritime work injury should be paid for by your company or its insurance company directly. Ideally, your maritime injury would be properly reported and your company, or its insurance provider, would be paying for and approving your medical treatment. Even if your health insurance is provided through your company, trying to use health insurance can complicate and even hurt your injury claim. Most health insurance does not cover work-related injuries. Companies will sometimes claim you have tried to commit fraud if health insurance is used for your accident-related medical treatment. In fact, we’ve unfortunately seen this happen even when the company suggested or told the injured party to use insurance! Another reason why it’s so crucial for you to be aware of your own rights, and seek out impartial counsel to protect yourself.
In addition to x-rays, basic medical testing that you should expect includes both MRI and nerve conduction studies. An MRI, commonly performed on the neck, knees, shoulder, ankles and back, shows ligament and other soft-tissue damage that cannot be visualized on an X-ray.
Nerve conduction studies are used to diagnose nerve injuries, and are commonly administered to those who have suffered trauma to the lower back. If you’re refused basic diagnostic tests by the company doctor, it’s possible the doctor is defending the company, and you should seek another physician immediately. If you are uncertain of your next steps, or have issues getting a second medical opinion, ask for help. Experienced maritime attorneys can help you get the specialized medical care you are entitled to for a proper diagnosis.
It’s an unfortunate reality that many companies aren’t willing to foot the bill for diagnostic testing to prove a serious injury, and get the help you need. We’ve been helping injured maritime workers for over 50 years at The Young Firm, and we see things like this happen. It’s a hard lesson to learn for anyone who doesn’t have maritime attorneys on their side.
These test results are literally your one chance to square up with your company, and prove the injury they may have contributed to or caused. You simply must know what is medically wrong, what can be done to fix it, and how much it will cost. Going to appointment after appointment without extensive testing will not help you get the answers you need. This is why The Young Firm fights for our clients to receive every possible medical test, to determine even the smallest abnormality which could affect you now, or in the future.
I (Tim Young) would like to share a quick personal story. Each year I get an annual physical which includes an exercise stress test. Many years back at my first physical, the hospital said the stress test showed a ‘false positive’ for cardiac fibrillation. If you don’t know what that is Google it—I did and it will scare you to death, much like myself! So I said to the doctor, “Gee, what’s a false positive? Sounds like saying someone is ‘a little pregnant’?” He explains that ‘in all likelihood’ it was just a test error and that I should not worry about it. Wrong answer. I insisted he do a more involved follow-up test, even after he told me I didn’t need it, twice! I paid for it out of my own pocket, and the test came back normal and confirmed the ‘false positive’ was nothing to worry about. Was I stupid to pay for a test that came back normal? Absolutely not. It gave me such peace of mind to know more about my health, it was easily worth every penny.
If your doctor tells you he can’t find anything on the first test to explain your pain and difficulty, don’t stop there. Your next question needs to be “Well doc, what other test can you run to tell us more?”
You need to seek other medical treatment from an impartial physician, who has no reason to potentially defend your company. Under the Jones Act and maritime law, you are allowed to choose your own treating physician. It is so important that you insist on receiving medical treatment from a doctor you trust, so that all the necessary tests may be performed to diagnose any medical problem you may have suffered.
My employer chose my treating physician and there were serious mistakes made in my medical care.
Sometimes, after an employee is injured, dishonest employers will push them into seeing a company doctor. You should be aware that if you go to your company doctor, medical negligence could happen. Seeing only a company doctor can severely damage your claim and depending on your injuries, could be extremely health hazardous.
Admiralty laws require that companies be held liable for damages if such medical negligence occurs. Remember, your company using a doctor chosen by them, is typically a mechanism to limit their chances of being sued. However, not receiving an adequate evaluation of injuries could cause serious health consequences, misdiagnosis, and mistreatment for you.
This is especially important for offshore workers who are closer to foreign land and may have to seek medical treatment in another country.
Americans working overseas on an oil rig or vessel have additional considerations. International maritime workers who require medical treatment due to an injury or illness may have different hurdles to leap.
The Jones Act and maritime law both state that your employer must provide you with immediate medical treatment due to any type of injury or illness. If your employer delays providing you with prompt medical treatment while you’re working overseas, this could give rise to a legal claim against your employer, especially if your condition gets worse.
What you may not realize, very often this situation arises when there isn’t an accident or work-related “injury” on the rig or vessel. Oftentimes an employee will have simply become ill with some type of disease, virus, infection, or otherwise. Whether a work-related injury or a non-work-related illness—your employer must provide proper and adequate medical treatment.
Remember, if your employer selects the doctor or hospital that treats you while you are working in the foreign country—your employer is responsible for any medical negligence on the part of the doctor or hospital.
The Young Firm has handled many heartbreaking cases involving this very issue. Unfortunately, many overseas oil rigs and vessels operate in extremely remote and undeveloped areas. These regions typically do not have access to proper medical doctors, and certainly not specialists. Basic life-saving medications used for years in the United States, may not be readily available to these countries.
One of our clients suffered a routine stroke while working on an oil rig off the coast of South America. Unfortunately, was brought to a small town medical facility, unfamiliar with the treatment of stroke patients. What could have been a temporary ischemic attack (TIA) turned into a full-blown brain hemorrhage, because our client failed to receive a clot-busting medication. This would have been the standard practice in the United States and other developed countries. As a result, he obtained a very successful settlement, which provided all he needed for his future.
Read More About Your Medical Rights
Paying Your Bills & Getting Medical Treatment
Learn how to get your maintenance increased, how to pick your own doctor and get the company to pay for it, how to document your expenses to get them paid for.